Tag Archives: Health Policy

Voters Tuning Out of Health Care Debates

Axios reported yesterday that American voters are tuning out of the health care debates dominating Washington, the presidential campaign, and the politically active talking about Medicare for All and other proposals, according to an article by Drew Altman.

Axios conducted six focus groups in three states, Texas, Florida and Pennsylvania. It was facilitated by the Kaiser Family Foundation’s director of Polling and Survey Research. The focus groups consisted of independent, Republican, and Democratic voters in several swing states and districts.

They were only aware of candidates’ and elected officials’ proposals on health care, but they did not see them as relevant to their struggles to pay medical bills or navigating the health care system.

Each of the six focus groups had between 8 and 10 people who are regular voters and said that health care will be an important issue for them in the 2020 election for President.

Here are the takeaways from the focus groups:

  • These voters are not tuned into the details — or even the broad outlines — of the health policy debates going on in Washington and the campaign, even though they say health care will be at least somewhat important to their vote.
  • Many had never heard the term “Medicare for all,” and very few had heard about Medicare or Medicaid buy-in proposals, or Medicaid and Affordable Care Act state block grant plans like the one included in President Trump’s proposed budget.
  • When asked what they knew about Medicare for all, few offered any description beyond “everyone gets Medicare,” and almost no one associated the term with a single-payer system or national health plan.
  • When asked about ACA repeal, participants almost universally felt that Republicans did not have a plan to replace the law.
  • When voters in the groups were read even basic descriptions of some proposals to expand government coverage, many thought they sounded complicated and like a lot of red tape.
  • They also worried about how such plans might strain the current system and threaten their own ability to keep seeing providers they like and trust.

Most of the voters in these groups did not see any of the current proposals from either side of the aisle as solutions to their top problems: namely paying for care or navigating the insurance system and red tape.

The debates on health care have gotten too far into the weeds and are too complex and complicated for the average voter to understand, let alone follow at this early stage of the presidential campaign.

The debate will become more meaningful, the article contends, when they see stark differences between the health plan of the Democratic nominee and Trump. This way, they will be able to focus more on what those differences mean for themselves and the country.

Here is the comment posted in response by Don McCanne:

Although we should be cautious about trying to draw Great Truths from half a dozen focus groups, we should be concerned about what these groups revealed about their understanding of the basis of the problems that they experience with our health care system.

They see problems with navigating the health care system and with paying their medical bills. But when offered solutions for these problems they show little understanding of even basic health policy, and they seem to be influenced more by political memes expressing a distrust of government, complexity of public solutions, and government interference with their interactions with the health care system.

A particularly important example of this is, “When asked what they knew about Medicare for all… almost no one associated the term with a single-payer system or national health plan.”

This lack of sophistication leaves them unaware that the government Medicare program is far more deserving of our trust than the private insurers (“surprise medical bills” anyone?), that a government program that includes everyone though a publicly funded universal risk pool is far less complex than a multitude of private insurers with various complex rules for accessing and paying for care, and that a single payer system interferes less since the patient has free choices in health care whereas the private plans are more restrictive of benefits while limiting coverage to their contracted provider lists (a minute fraction of the physicians and hospitals available throughout the nation).

Health policy is complicated, but the message for single payer Medicare for All need not be: enrollment for life, free choice of physicians and hospitals and other health care professionals and institutions, and automatic payment by our own public program. The focus groups already understand that the Republicans do not have a replacement plan, but what they do not understand is that only the single payer model of Medicare for All meets these goals whereas the ACA/public option Medicare for Some often leaves them exposed to the access and affordability issues they already face.

Again, single payer Medicare for All means:

  • Never have to change insurers
  • Free choice always of doctors and hospitals
  • No medical bills since care has been prepaid through our taxes.

None of these are features of either the Republican proposals or the Democratic ACA/public option proposals. It’s a simple message. Let’s do our best to see that the American voter understands it.

Medicare for All and Its Rivals | Annals of Internal Medicine | American College of Physicians

Richard’s Note: A shout-out to Don McCanne for posting this today from the Annals of Internal Medicine, which is providing the full article for free. The authors, Steffie Woolhandler and David Himmelstein, both MDs, should be familiar to readers as two of the authors I covered in my review of the Waitzkin, et al. book, Health Care Under the Knife: Moving Beyond Capitalism for Our Health. In the spirit of the AIM, I am posting the entire article below with link to the original. It is that important.

Medicare for All and Its Rivals: New Offshoots of Old Health Policy Roots

The leading option for health reform in the United States would leave 36.2 million persons
uninsured in 2027 while costs would balloon to nearly $6 trillion (1). That option is called the
status quo. Other reasons why temporizing is a poor choice include the country’s decreasing life
expectancy, the widening mortality gap between the rich and the poor, and rising deductibles
and drug prices. Even insured persons fear medical bills, commercial pressures permeate
examination rooms, and physicians are burning out.
In response to these health policy failures, many Democrats now advocate single-payer,
Medicare-for-All reform, which until recently was a political nonstarter. Others are wary of
frontally assaulting insurers and the pharmaceutical industry and advocate public-option plans
or defending the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA). Meanwhile, the Trump
administration seeks to turbocharge market forces through deregulation and funneling more
government funds through private insurers. Here, we highlight the probable effects of these
proposals on how many persons would be covered, the comprehensiveness of coverage, and
national health expenditures (Table).

Table. Characteristics of Major Health Reform Proposals as of March 2019

Medicare for All

Medicare-for-All proposals are descendents of the 1948 Wagner–Murray–Dingell national health
insurance bill and Edward Kennedy and Martha Griffiths’ 1971 single-payer plan (2). They would
replace the current welter of public and private plans with a single, tax-funded insurer covering
all U.S. residents. The benefit package would be comprehensive, providing first-dollar coverage
for all medically necessary care and medications. The single-payer plan would use its
purchasing power to negotiate for lower drug prices and pay hospitals lump-sum global
operating budgets (similar to how fire departments are funded). Physicians would be paid
according to a simplified fee schedule or receive salaries from hospitals or group practices.
Similar payment strategies in Canada and other nations have made universal coverage
affordable even as physicians’ incomes have risen. These countries have realized savings in
national health expenditures by dramatically reducing insurers’ overhead and providers’ billing-
related documentation and transaction costs, which currently consume nearly one third of U.S.
health care spending (3). The payment schemes in the House of Representatives’ Medicare-for-
All bill closely resemble those in Canada. The companion Senate bill incorporates some of
Medicare’s current value-based payment mechanisms, which would attenuate administrative
savings. Most analysts, including some who are critical of Medicare for All, project that such a
reform would garner hundreds of billions of dollars in administrative and drug savings (4) that
would counterbalance the costs of utilization increases from expanded and upgraded coverage.
Reductions in premiums and out-of-pocket costs would fully offset the expense of new taxes
implemented to fund the reform.


“Medicare-for-More” Public Options

Public-option proposals, which would allow some persons to buy in to a public insurance plan,
might be labeled “Medicare for More.” Republicans Senator Jacob Javits and Representative John
Lindsay first advanced similar proposals in the early 1960s as rivals to a proposed fully public
Medicare program for seniors. This approach resurfaced during the early 1970s as Javits’
universal coverage alternative to Kennedy’s single-payer plan and gained favor with some
Democrats during the 2009 ACA debate.
Policymakers are floating several public-option variants, most of which would offer a public plan
alongside private plans on the ACA’s insurance exchanges. Although a few of these variants
would allow persons to buy in to Medicaid, most envision a new plan that would pay Medicare
rates and use providers who participate in Medicare. Positive features of these reforms include
offering additional insurance choices and minimizing the need for new taxes because enrollees
would pay premiums to cover the new costs. However, these plans would cover only a fraction
of uninsured persons, few of whom could afford the premiums (5); do little to improve the
comprehensiveness of existing coverage; and modestly increase national health expenditures.
The Medicaid public-option variant, which many states might reject, would probably dilute
these effects.
Medicare for America, the strongest version of a public-option plan, would automatically enroll
anyone not covered by their employer (including current Medicare, Medicaid, and Children’s
Health Insurance Program enrollees) in a new Medicare Part E plan. It would upgrade
Medicare’s benefits, although copayments and deductibles (capped at $3500) would remain.
The program would subsidize premiums for those whose income is up to 600% of the poverty
level, and employers could enroll employees in the program by paying 8% of their annual
payroll. The new plan would use Medicare’s payment strategies and include private Medicare
Advantage (MA) plans (which inflate Medicare’s costs [6]) and accountable care organizations.
Medicare for America would greatly expand coverage and upgrade its comprehensiveness but
at considerable cost. As with other public-options reforms, it would retain multiple payers and
therefore sacrifice much of the administrative savings available under single-payer plans.
Physicians and hospitals would have to maintain the expensive bureaucracies needed to
attribute costs and charges to individual patients, bill insurers, and collect copayments. Savings
on insurers’ overhead would also be less than those under single-payer plans. Overhead is only
2% in traditional Medicare (and 1.6% in Canada’s single-payer program [7]) but averages 13.7%
in MA plans (8) and would continue to do so under public-option proposals. Furthermore, as in
the MA program, private insurers would inflate taxpayers’ costs by upcoding as well as cherry-
picking and enacting network restrictions that shunt unprofitable patients to the public-option
plan. This strategy would turn the latter plan into a de facto high-risk pool.

The Trump Administration White Paper and Budget Proposal

Unlike these proposals, reforms under the Trump administration have moved to shrink the
government’s role in health care by relaxing ACA insurance regulations; green-lighting states’
Medicaid cuts; redirecting U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs funds to private care; and
strengthening the hand of private MA plans by easing network-adequacy standards, increasing
Medicare’s payments to these plans, and marketing to seniors on behalf of MA plans. A recent
administration white paper (9) presents the administration’s plan going forward: Spur the
growth of high-deductible coverage, eliminate coverage mandates, open the border to foreign
medical graduates, and override states’ “any-willing-provider” regulations and certificate-of-
need laws that constrain hospital expansion. The president’s recently released budget proposal
calls for cuts of $1.5 trillion in Medicaid funding and $818 billion in Medicare provider payments
over the next 10 years.
Thus far, the effects of the president’s actions—withdrawing coverage from some Medicaid
enrollees and downgrading the comprehensiveness of some private insurance—have been
modest. His plans would probably swell the ranks of uninsured persons and hollow out
coverage for many who retain coverage, shifting costs from the government and employers to
individual patients. The effect on overall national health expenditures is unclear: Cuts to
Medicaid, Medicare, and the comprehensiveness of insurance might decrease expenditures;
however, deregulating providers and insurers would probably increase them.
In 1971, a total of 5 years after the advent of Medicare and Medicaid, exploding costs and
persistent problems with access and quality triggered a roiling debate over single-payer plans.
As support for Kennedy’s plan grew, moderate Republicans offered a public-option alternative,
1 of several proposals promising broadened coverage on terms friendlier to private insurers.
Kennedy derided these proposals by stating, “It calms down the flame, but it really doesn’t meet
the need” (10). President Nixon’s pro market HMO strategy—a close analogue of the modern-
day accountable care strategy—ultimately won out, although his proposals for coverage
mandates, insurance exchanges, and premium subsidies for low-income persons did not reach
fruition until passage of the ACA.
Five years into the ACA era, there is consensus that the health care status quo spawned by
Nixon’s vision is unsustainable. President Trump would veer further down the market path.
Public-option supporters hope to expand coverage while avoiding insurers’ wrath. Medicare-
for-All proponents aspire to decouple care from commerce.

Medical Mystery: Something Happened to the U.S. Health System After 1980 | The Incidental Economist

Good morning all. While perusing my LinkedIn feed, I found this article from May of last year, and thought it would be a perfect addition to the series of articles posted last week about Medicare for All/Single Payer, and why opposition to it is more harmful than the alleged or imagined fear-mongering we are seeing from many quarters.

This is especially significant in light of my post last week, Health Care Is Not a Market, and as the article below suggests, the US health care system diverged exactly at the time of the election of Ronald Reagan in 1980, and the introduction of pro-market forces, supply-side economics.

So it is no coincidence that as Austin Frakt writes, that prices went up, while health outcomes went down, and that socioeconomic status and other social factors exert larger influences on longevity.

Here is the article:

The following originally appeared on The Upshot (copyright 2018, The New York Times Company). Research for this piece was supported by the Laura and John Arnold Foundation.

Source: Medical Mystery: Something Happened to the U.S. Health System After 1980 | The Incidental Economist

Fallout of the End of ACA Subsidies

Joe Paduda today gave a very succinct and clear-minded assessment of the fallout of the ending of the ACA subsidies, also known as Cost-Sharing Reimbursement (CSR) payments.

Here is Joe’s article.

It makes perfect sense that what the Orange man said yesterday will do more damage to health care than his false and misleading pronouncements of the past year that the ACA is failing and doing harm.

It is you, sir, who are doing harm. To the poor, to minorities like those in Puerto Rico despite your morning mea culpa, to African-Americans and Latinos,  to women, to international agreements and organizations,  and to our credibility with our allies and adversaries.


Health Care Policy Resume

Richard Krasner, MA, MHA
7151 Summer Tree Drive
Boynton Beach, FL 33437
(561) 738-0458
(561) 603-1685, cell
Blog: https://richardkrasner.wordpress.com
Skype: richard.krasner

Professional Profile

Master’s In Health Administration (MHA) graduate with extensive Insurance business experience and academic training in Political Science and other Social Sciences, looking to transition into Health Care Policy.


• Strong financial, organizational, written and presentation skills.
• Strong analytical and problem solving skills.
• Strong database management and quality assurance skills.
• Able to respond to complex questions from internal and external customers.
• Able to work independently; team player; self-motivated.
• MS Office, Windows.


Master’s in Health Administration, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL, Dec. 2011
Introduction to US Health Care Systems Organization Behavior in Healthcare
Health Care Mgmt. (elective) Topic: Healthcare Quality Health Law
Health Policy Healthcare Finance
Planning & Mktg. in Healthcare The 2010 Affordable Care Act (elective)
Research Methods for Healthcare Mgmt.

EnergySmart Hospitals: A Comparative Review
Banning Soda under the SNAP Program: A Policy Review
Legal Barriers to Implementing Int’l Providers into Medical Provider Networks for WC
PPACA: The End of Workers’ Compensation?
Medical Management Internship Paper

M.A., History, New York University, New York, New York
Concentration: American History

B.A., Liberal Arts, SUNY Brockport, Brockport, NY
Concentrations: Political Science, History, Sociology/Afro-American Studies/Social Sciences/Humanities

Professional Experience

Blogger, Transforming Workers’ Compensation blog, Boynton Beach, FL            2012 – Present

  • Publishing articles to promote the implementation of medical tourism into Workers’ Compensation.

Risk Management Consulting Services, Boynton Beach, FL                                                  2002 – 2010
For Strategic Outsourcing, Inc., a professional employment organization (PEO)
in Charlotte, NC with more than 830 clients and 33,000 assigned employees.
• Performed detailed risk and loss analysis on all lines of property & casualty coverage, with emphasis on workers’ compensation and general liability.
• Worked on the design and analysis to create internally or purchase an effective Risk Management Information System (RMIS).

For Environamics, Inc., a commercial construction company in Charlotte, NC.
• Worked with the Human Resources Manager and insurance broker to create fully developed losses in all lines of insurance and loss development factors.
• Developed the analysis to determine the best levels of self-insurance and deductibles. Created fully functional loss spreadsheets.

For the Fredrick C. Smith Clinic, one of the largest physician-owned medical clinics in
• Conducted detailed risk and loss analysis in their workers’ compensation program.
• Developed the criteria to use to select a third party claims administrator.
• Designed an effective strategy to reduce frequency and severity of workers’ compensation claims.

For Bonitz, Inc., a commercial construction company (sub-contractor) in Columbia, SC,with
over 1000 associates (employees), with 16 locations in 6 states, specializing in ceiling, drywall and flooring.
• Under supervision of Director of Human Resources, designed a more effective safety program with special emphasis on Workers’ Compensation claims and claims costs.
• Assisted in the set-up and implementation of claims database system (RMIS).
• Worked on wrap-up claims, policies and programs on an as needed basis.

Sr. Specialist/Data Mgmt., Aon Risk Services of TX, Inc., Houston, TX                             2001 – 2002
• Responsible for processing internal/external client requests for data.
• Analyzed changes in clients’ Experience Modification Factors.

Risk Management Consultant, Dallas, TX                                                                                 1995 – 2001
Various assignments in Texas and Florida in Risk Management, Claims Administration and Data

Data Analyst, Stirling Cooke, Dallas, TX
• Responsible for data integrity; data and system reconciliation; running claims and policy reports; running monthly loss runs; coordinating and compiling TPA claims data; responsible for month-end processing.

BPO Compliance Analyst, PMSC, Sarasota, FL
• Gathered, analyzed, defined and implemented requirements and procedures for electronic reporting of WC data.
• Documented data reporting requirements. Developed and executed test plans.
• Compiled, analyzed and verified WC exposure, premium and claims data for statistical bureau reporting.
• Tested and analyzed data reporting software. Coordinated resolution of programming issues with programmers.

Data Services Consultant, NCCI, Inc., Boca Raton, FL
• Analyzed, researched and resolved issues for all data types, requests and collection systems for all data reported to company.
• Responded to complex questions and data requests from internal and external customers.
• Researched and resolved carrier appeals to ensure equitable application of data reporting incentive programs.
• Participated in internal carrier visitations and end-user training.

Underwriting Data Analyst (Contract), Allstate, Boca Raton, FL
• Performed data analysis and data management tasks to support underwriting operations.

Additional Experience

Claims Coding Supervisor, Reliance National Insurance Company, NY, NY
• Supervised work of coding staff. Assisted in testing of database software during
data conversion process from current database to new database.

Claims Administrator, Hamond & Regine Inc., Mineola, NY
• Managed and improved administration of Construction/Maintenance OCIP “wrap-up”
claims program (WC, GL, and Builders’ Risk) for retail insurance broker, resulting in improved operational and insurance program analysis.
• Created and generated Loss Control Analysis Reports, improving risk analysis and exposure identification.
• Interacted with Loss Control/Safety personnel to improve monitoring of claims and incidents. Reduced errors and omissions by more than 50%.
• Investigated, analyzed and coordinated correction of claims data discrepancies, saving client over $100,000 in additional premium.
• Conducted periodic claims file reviews and audits. Gathered and prepared claims data for renewal process.

No-Fault Claims Supervisor, American Colonial Insurance Company, NY, NY
• Administered Automobile No-Fault claims unit .

WC Claims Examiner, Greater New York Mutual Insurance Co., NY, NY
• Processed, investigated and paid WC & Disability claims.


Medical Tourism and Workers’ Compensation: What are the barriers? Medical Travel Today.com, PERSPECTIVES, published online on November 14, 2012.

Implementing international medical providers into the U.S. workers’ compensation system, Part 1, Insurance Thought Leadership.com, published online on November 12, 2012.

Implementing international medical providers into the U.S. workers’ compensation system, Part 2, Insurance Thought Leadership.com , published online on November 15, 2012.

Implementing international medical providers into the U.S. workers’ compensation system, Part 3, Insurance Thought Leadership.com, published online on November 28, 2012.

Implementing international medical providers into the U.S. workers’ compensation system, Part 4, Insurance Thought Leadership.com, published online on December 4, 2012.

Implementing international medical providers into the U.S. workers’ compensation system, Part 5, Insurance Thought Leadership.com, published online on December 14, 2012.

Implementing Medical Tourism into Worker’s Compensation, CASE STUDY, Medical Travel Today.com, published online on January 2, 2013.

The Stars Aligned: Mexico as a medical tourism destination for Mexican-born US workers under Workers’ Compensation, PERSPECTIVES, Medical Travel Today.com, published online on January 16, 2013.

Immigration Reform On The Horizon: What It Means For Medical Tourism And Workers’ Compensation, Insurance Thought Leadership.com, published online February 10, 2013.

Immigration Reform on the Horizon – What it Means for Medical Tourism and Workers’ Compensation, PERSPECTIVES, Medical Travel Today.com, published online February 13, 2013.

Spinal Fusion Outcomes in Washington State, PERSPECTIVES, Medical Travel Today.com, published online February 27, 2013.

Implementing international medical providers into the U.S. workers’ compensation system, Part 1, Costa Rica Medical Tourism, Inc. published online on March 2, 2013.

Employee vs. Employer Choice of Physician Revisited: Additional Commentary on How Best to Incorporate Medical Tourism into Workers’ Compensation, TBD Consulting.com, published online on March 4, 2013.

Rising Hospital Costs: What they mean for Workers’ Compensation and Medical Tourism, TBD Consulting.com, published online on March 13, 2013.

Legal Barriers to Implementing International Providers into Medical Provider Networks for Workers’ Compensation: A White Paper, WordPress.com, published online on March 15, 2013.

What I Learned at the 5th World Medical Tourism & Global Healthcare Congress, and Why It Matters to the Workers’ Compensation Industry, TBD Consulting.com, published online on March 20, 2013.

A ‘Case Study’ in Implementing Medical Tourism into Workers’ Compensation, TBD Consulting.com, published online on April 3, 2013.

What Can Medical Tourism Do about Pain Medication Abuse?, Medical Tourism Today.com, published online on April 5, 2013.

Medical Tourism and Workers Compensation: What are the Barriers?, TBD Consulting.com, published online on April 10, 2013.

Point/CounterPoint: A Virtual Dialogue on the Merits of Implementing Medical Tourism into Workers’ Compensation, Part 1, TBD Consulting.com, published online on April 17, 2013.

Point/CounterPoint: A Virtual Dialogue on the Merits of Implementing Medical Tourism into Workers’ Compensation, Part 2, TBD Consulting.com, published online on April 18, 2013.

Ensuring Patient Safety: Making Sure Medical Tourism Puts Its Money Where Its Mouth Is, Medical Sea.org, published online on April 22, 2012.

Ensuring Patient Safety: Making Sure Medical Tourism Puts Its Money Where Its Mouth Is, OPINION, Medical Travel Today.com, published online on April 24, 2013.

Ten Years On: Medical Tourism Industry a decade out, Medical Tourism Today. com, published online on May 24, 2013.

Healthcare Transparency, Healthcare Talent Transformation.com, published online on June 6, 2013.

Surgical Shenanigans: How Workers’ Compensation is being ripped off, Medicalsea.org, published online on June 24, 2013.

My Defense of Implementing Medical Tourism into Workers’ Compensation, Healthcare Talent Transformation.com, published online on July 8, 2013.

The Faith of My Conviction: Integrating Medical Tourism into Workers’ Compensation is Possible — and not a Pipe Dream, PERSPECTIVES, Medical Travel Today.com, published online on July, 17, 2013.

Surgical Shenanigans: How Workers’ Compensation is being ripped off, Healthcare Talent Transformation.com, published online on July 22, 2013.

On the Bright Side, Medicasea.org, published online on August 4, 2013. http://www.medicalsea.org/on-the-brightside/



And Now For Something Completely Different, Medicalsea.org, published online on August 9, 2013.
http://www.medicalsea.org/and-now-for-something-completely -different/

Founding Fathers and the ACA, Healthcare Talent Transformation.com, published online on August 26, 2013.

Lessons, Medicalsea.org, published online on August 28, 2013. http://www.medicalsea.org/lessons/

Far In Front of the Crowd, Medicalsea.org, published online on August 30, 2013.

Medical Tourism Industry a Decade from Now: Part 1, Healthcare Talent Transformation.com, published online on October 9, 2013.

Medical Tourism Industry a Decade from Now: Part 2 Outpatient Costs, Healthcare Talent Transformation.com, published online on October 16, 2013.

Medical Tourism Industry a Decade from Now: Part 3 Consolidation of US Hospitals, Healthcare Talent Transformation.com, published online on October 18, 2013.

“Have I Got A Deal For You?” — The Medical-Device Tax Shuffle and Medical Tourism, Medicalsea.org, published online on October 20, 2013.

Medical Tourism Industry a Decade from Now: Part 4 Cost to Employees, Healthcare Talent Transformation.com, published online on October 23, 2013.

Medical Tourism Industry a Decade from Now: Part 5 Immigration Reform, published online on October 25, 2013.

Medical Tourism Industry a Decade from Now: Part 6 Technology, published online on October 30, 2013.

Interview, SPOTLIGHT, Medical Travel Today.com, published online on October 31, 2013.

Ten Years On: One Person’s View of Where the Medical Tourism Industry Will be a Decade from Now, INDUSTRY NEWS, Medical Travel Today.com, published online on October 31, 2013.

Medical Tourism Industry a Decade from Now: Observations and Conclusion, Healthcare Talent Transformation.com,published online on November 1, 2013.

Cross-border Workers’ Compensation A Reality In California, Medicalsea.org, published online on December 3, 2013.

Knee Surgery in Costa Rica — A Less Expensive Alternative, Medicalsea.org, published online on December 31, 2013.

Cross-border Workers’ Compensation A Reality In California, Medicalsea.org, published online on January 22, 2014.

What to know before providing Medical Tourism Services, Medicalsea.org, published online on February 14, 2014.

Can Medical Tourism Relieve Stress in Workers’ Comp?, Medicalsea.org, published online on February 19, 2014.

Beware the IRS: What to Know Before Using Medical Tourism for Group Health Plans, Medicalsea.org, published online on February 25, 2014.

Statutes are not Statues Why Workers’ Comp Must Open up and Be Flexible, Medicalsea.org, published online on April 8, 2014.

ACA to Lead to Physician Shortages Possible Effects for Medical Tourism in Work Comp, Healthcare Talent Transformation.com, published online on April 14, 2014.

Why Medical Tourism for Workers’ Comp is an Idea Whose Time Has Come, U.S. Domestic Medical Travel.com, published online on April 16, 2014.

Why Medical Tourism for Workers’ Comp is an Idea Whose Time Has Come, Medical Travel Today.com, published online on May 1, 2014.

Miami Beach: Fun, Sun and Medical Tourism, Medicalsea.org, published online on May 14, 2014.

Travel expense may be reimbursed under certain conditions, Medicalsea.org, published online on July 3rd, 2014

“We’re Not No. 1!” We’re No. 11, Healthcare Talent Transformation.com published online on July 17, 2014.

From Pariah to Player: South Africa’s Journey towards Becoming a Medical Tourism Destination,

Corruption Not Limited To US Health Care, Medicalsea.org, published online on July 21, 2014.

Top 10 Causes of Workplace Injuries: How Medical Tourism Can Save Employers Money, U.S. Domestic Medical Travel.com, published online on September 15, 2015. http://www.usdomesticmedicaltravel.com/email/v2-2-full.html#story5

Paralysis by Analysis: Or the Only Thing We Have to Fear Is, Fear Itself, U.S. Domestic Medical Travel.com published online on October 20, 2015. http://www.usdomesticmedicaltravel.com/email/v2-3-full.html#story2

Follow-up Visits After Surgery: Telehealth, Medical Travel and Workers’ Comp, U.S. Domestic Medical Travel.com published online on October 20, 2015. http://www.usdomesticmedicaltravel.com/email/v2-3-full.html#story3

Interview, SPOTLIGHT, Medical Travel Today.com, published online on November 3, 2015. http://www.medicaltraveltoday.com/newsletter/v8-19-full.html#story1

Why the Globalization of Health Care Will Not Be Easy, but May Come to Pass in the Future

Maria Todd has written a very excellent piece on the globalization of health care. I will let Maria speak for herself.