Top 10 Causes of Workplace Injuries: How Medical Tourism Can Save Employers Money

Merrell: “…Can you see a role of medical tourism in workers’ compensation injury?”
Ludwick: “I could, if it were a long-term issue. Many workers’ comp issues are emergent,
so that would take out the medical tourism aspect. However, if it was a long-range issue, I
could see us involving workmen’s comp issues into that, or problems.”
Lazzaro: “I would support that. I don’t know the incidence, for example, of some of the
orthopedic procedures that are non-emergent, such as knee or hip replacement, which would
fall under workmen’s comp. But theoretically, a case could be made for that…”
Merrell: “I was thinking about it in terms of the chronic back injury and the repetitive action
injuries and hernia that are in the workers’ compensation area. An acute injury on the job
would probably not be at issue but a work-associated problem with a potentially surgical
solution might be a matter for medical tourism.”

You may recognize the above quoted dialogue from my white paper on medical tourism and workers’ comp. I am reprinting it here because I came across a report from the Liberty Mutual Research Institute for Safety that highlighted the top ten causes and direct costs of the most disabling workplace injuries in 2012. My thanks goes to Jim Mecham, Continuing Education Director and Return-to-Work Software Developer at OCCUPRO, for bringing this to my attention through his post on LinkedIn.

The report, the 2014 Liberty Mutual Workplace Safety Index is based on information from Liberty Mutual, the US Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), and the National Academy of Social Insurance. The Index provides statistics for injuries that occurred in 2012, which is the most recent year for which data was available.

The Index showed that the most disabling injuries and illnesses had a direct workers’ comp cost of $59.58 billion, which translates to over a billion dollars a week spent by business on the most disabling injuries.

The following chart indicates what those ten injuries are, the percentage of each type of injury, and the direct cost.


Source: Bing Images

The top five causes were:

  • Overexertion involving outside source
  • Falls on same level
  • Struck by object or equipment
  • Falls to lower level
  • Other exertions or bodily reactions

Overexertion accounted for 25.3% of injuries, and is further identified as being caused by lifting, pushing, pulling, holding, carrying, or throwing, and cost businesses $15.1 billion in direct costs.

Falls to same level accounted for 15.4% of injuries, costing $9.19 billion.

Struck by object or equipment injuries accounted for 8.9% of injuries and cost $5.3 billion.

Falls to lower level accounted for 8.6% and cost $5.12 billion.

Other exertions and bodily reactions accounted for 7.2% of injuries and cost $4.27 billion. This includes injuries resulting from bending, crawling, reaching, twisting, climbing, stepping, kneeling, sitting, standing, or walking.

The second group of five injury causes accounted for 18.4% of the direct total cost of injuries. These were:

  • Roadway incidents involving motorized land vehicles — 5.3%, $3.18 billion;
  • Slip or trip without fall — 3.6%, $2.17 billion;
  • Caught in/compressed by equipment — 5%, $2.1 billion;
  • Repetitive motions involving micro-tasks — 3.1%, $1.84 billion;
  • Struck against object or equipment — 2.9%, $1.76 billion

These ten injuries comprised 83.8% of the total cost burden for disabling work-related injuries in 2012.

What does this all mean?

For the employer, it means a lot, especially in terms of dollars and cents that can be avoided if there are proper safety programs in place to lessen the frequency and severity of these injuries. However, accidents do occur, and while safety programs do work, they don’t always live up to the promise; nor do workers ever follow safety rules, so when these injuries occur, it would be wise for an employer to find a less expensive way to deal with the injury than expensive surgeries at home.

For the workers’ comp industry, it means that you are not doing a very good job of saving your client’s money, or you are doing a great job making money for yourselves and other workers’ comp service providers.

And finally, for the medical tourism industry, it means you have some work to do to go out and get this business and prove to the American employers, insurance companies and injured workers that when any of these types of injuries occur, you can provide them with the best care and the lowest cost. As I said in my presentation in Reynosa, Mexico last November, “[the] Medical Tourism industry must take [the] lead and go after the market; the market will not come to you”.


I am willing to work with any broker, carrier, or employer willing to save money, and to provide the best care for their injured workers or their client’s employees.

Call me for more information, next steps, or connection strategies. Ask me any questions you may have on how to save money on expensive surgeries under workers’ comp. Connect with and follow me on LinkedIn and my blog. Share this article, or leave a comment below.

This entry was posted in Direct costs, Employees, Employers, Injury Management, Medical Tourism, Medical Travel, Workers' Comp, Workers' Compensation and tagged , , , , , , , on by .

About Transforming Workers' Comp

Have worked in the Insurance and Risk Management industry for more than thirty years in New York, Florida and Texas in the Claims and Risk Management spheres, primarily in Workers’ Compensation Claims, Auto No-Fault and Property & Casualty Claims Administration and Claims Management. Have experience in Risk and Insurance Business Analysis, Risk Management Information Systems, and Insurance Data Processing and Data Management. Received my Master’s in Health Administration (MHA) degree from Florida Atlantic University in Boca Raton, Florida in December 2011. Received my Master of Arts (MA) degree in American History from New York University, and received my Bachelor of Arts (BA) degree in Liberal Arts (Political Science/History/Social Sciences) from SUNY Brockport. I have studied World History, Global Politics, and have a strong interest in the future of human civilization in all aspects; economic, political and social. I am looking for new opportunities that will utilize my previous experience and MHA degree. I am available for speaking engagements and am willing to travel. LinkedIn Profile: Resume:

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